Embroidery World

15 Hand Embroidery Stitches Embroiderer Should Know

embroidery stitches

In this article we will emphasize the types of hand embroidery stitches used in designs that can be made by hand, needle and a thread.

Each stitch creates its own look and texture, while some can even be combined to make a piece of custom embroidery rich and detailed. So let’s begin shall we?

Kinds of Hand Embroidery Stitch:

1. Running Stitch:

It is the essential foundation of Hand-sewing and embroidery. All other forms of sewing are based on this. A running stitch is made by pushing the needle through the fabric in front of the thread from the preceding stitch with spaced intervals. The best thing about it is, it will look the same on the back as well as on the front.

Running Stitches Sample

2. Lace Running Stitch:

Lace Running Stitch

It is a type of running embroidery stitch which is used to create a wavy effect on the pattern. It gives an intensely graceful look to any embroidery piece with its multiple thread stitches.

3. Back Stitch:

Back Stitch

Backstitch produces a fine line of embroidery stitches which is suitable for outlining most embroidery patterns.We use backstitch to sew to pieces of clothes together in a conventional manner. It also provides strength and durability to the basic stitch. Without it your seam will fall apart. It is also used in letter embroidery.

4. Stem Stitch:

Stem Stitch

 It is made by your thread falling below your needle every time. It’s kind of a backstitch but every stitch overlaps the preceding stitch to one side, creating a twisted line. So this is great to create all the curvy patterns in embroidery.

5. Split Stitch:

This stitch looks more like a braid or very minute chain. It is used to add texture and create patterns to the fabric. Every stitch made by inserting the needle into the fabric and bringing out will divide the next stitch length-wise. This gives the rich, delicate and detailed appearance to the fabric.

6. Chain Stitch:

Chain Stitch

 It is one of the oldest and common techniques oftenly used to hem denim jeans. It is a series of embroidery stitches connected to each other in a chain or rope like patterns.

7. Satin Stitch:

Satin Stitch

First we create an outline using any of the above embroidery stitches. Then we can create satin stitches which is used to fill up an area by creating multiple horizontal lines with thread. This is done as closely as possible to give out a neat and edgy look of the area being covered.

8. French Knots:

french knot

This is made for decorative purposes. It appears very cute like a node in the stem. It’s made by winding the thread multiple times around your needle and then inserting it into the fabric at the very point it came out from. Once you get the hang of it, it’s becomes easier to create.

9. Lazy Daisy:

Lazy Daizy stitch

This is yet another type for beautifying your embroidery in floral pattern. But it does not mean it’s only limited to petals and leaves , can be used for more complicated designs. It’s also known as detached chain stitch. It’s a great addition to one’s embroidery repertoire. Basically the simplest type of stitch to make by inserting the needle in the center point of where you the flower to appear and creating multiple loops to resemble petals and bringing each loop to the center point and Ta-da! It’s done !

10. Seed Stitch:

seed stitch

 Imagine tossing a pack of seeds in the air and them landing back on ground in an assorted manner. This stitch gives that very appearance. This is also used for covering up an area. Single knits and purls are created in this in the form of seeds alternating and never colliding with each other.

11. Feather Stitch:

feather stitch

 It is usually accompanied with embellishments or other forms of stitches like the french knot. It creates “V” shaped chain as you go along.

12. Couching Stitch:

Couching is a slightly complex stitch. Different colors of thread are used for laid(couching) and tying down stitches.

The couching thread is carried across the space from left to right and is fixed into the fabric with small tiny stitches made from same or contrasting color.

Couching stitch

13. Blanket Stitch:

blanket stitches
blanket stitch

 It is also called cable stitch or a crochet stitch. It is done at the edges of a thick material to reinforce it and can be seen from all sides of the it such as blankets.

14. Whip Stitch:

whipped stitch

 It is used to stitch two pieces of fabrics or crocheted products together.

The seams produced by it are soft and appear almost invisible from one side of the fabric. So this technique comes in handy at most times.

15. Ladder Stitch:

Ladder Stitch
Ladder Stitch

 This is yet another useful type of stitch which is used to repair any tear and makes it appear as tiny as possible. It appears neat. It is often used to sew stuffed toys, pillows or lined hems.


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